TERM KAFIR IN AL-QUR'AN PERSPECTIVE AS WELL AS ACTUALIZATION IN INDONESIAN SOCIETY RELIGION
In 2020, Indonesia is hit by a polemic moral issue, namely the mention of "kafir" to non-Muslims. With the rise of moral issues, Indonesia, which has the largest Muslim population in the world, is still rife with divisions, both Muslim-Christian and fellow Muslims. Several Indonesian figures from both Muslim and non-Muslim circles criticized the mention of the word "kafir" for non-Muslims. This was evidenced by the Vice President of Indonesia (Ma'ruf Amin) and Said Aqil Siradj (Chairman of the PBNU) who strictly prohibited the mention of the word "kafir" being thrown at Christians. This opinion was denied by religious figures such as Adi Hidayat and Abdul Somad, according to him how the condition of Surah Al-Kafirun; Allah commands his people who do not worship Allah and his Messenger by mentioning "infidels". In response to this, this paper examines the meaning of the use of the word "kafir" at the time of the Apostle and in contemporary times. By using the qualitative descriptive method of Maqashid Syari'ah theory, namely contextualizing the verse with social, custom and culture which aims to realize the benefit of society. The results showed that for historical and normative reasons, the use of the word “kafir” in Indonesia is not allowed, to protect the benefit and to keep the Republic of Indonesia intact. The mention of the word "kafir" in Indonesia is a form of discrimination, violence and division in the name of religion, and destroys tolerance in Indonesia, because Indonesia is a multicultural country or accept other religions.