COVID-19 and Well-Being: Pesantren Continuance in the Light of Biopolitics Perspective
This article discussed Weiberg-Salzmann and Willems’s (2020) biopolitical views on pesantren management during the COVID-19 "Adaptation to New Habits" era in Indonesia. In contrast from previous studies focused on severe particular pesantren, this study seeks to see the managerial responses of 18 Islamic boarding schools divided in four provinces during the pandemic outbreak hence to understand the causal relationships therein. Some objectives elaborated in the discussion namely the health protocols on pesantren(s) daily activities in praying and learning spaces, the management for the attendance of recent santri(s) and the new ones’ registration, availability of health and sanitation kits, and bio-sociocultural perceptions developed amidst pesantren civil. Collecting data techniques used variety methods; literary studies, observation, (paper-based and computer-based) questionnaires, and interviews. Therefore, the analysis upon these variabels showed that each pesantren has authentic regulations while dealing with the pandemic situation. The responsiveness of pesantren officials makes face-to-face learning activities possible, despite all challenges and shortcomings that may occured. As religious obedience in pesantren environment plays an important role in formulating their bio-ethical positions, it balance the society’s political decisions on both the seen (ẓahīriyah; crowd, sanitation, hygiene) and the unseen (baṭīniyyah; virus) environmental issues. This results shows that three critical aspects in anticipating the spread of the virus in the pesantren, which are; First, the consistency of institution’s board administrators on applying health protocols in their environment, from preventing until coping mechanisms; Second, an equalized involvement from the local government and/or public health center (Puskesmas) to each institution; Third, disclosure between the authorities, pesantren caretakers, and santri(s). Nevertheless, this paper simply also encourage all elements of Islamic boarding schools to obey the health protocols issued by the Task Force for the Acceleration of Coronavirus Handling of Indonesia and/or other authorized governances.