Biological Mechanism within Religious Concept of Purity and Impurity
The concept of purity and impurity have significant role within many religious traditions. In Hinduism, it is clearly perceived within the concept of caste where society organized base on cosmic body of Purusha that function as mouth (Brahmana), arms (Kshatriya), thighs (Vaisya) and feet (Shudra). This division is so sacred that determined how a society should be organized. Where does this concept come from? This paper will explore that this concept was originated from biological mechanism.
This paper will use function and adaptation approach of biological mechanism to analyse the religious concept of purity and impurity within social division based of caste in Hinduism.
The research exposed that the whole society was assumed as a single cosmic body of Purusha which is every single part of body has its definitive purpose such as mouth, arms, thighs, and feet. This division is so sacred; therefore, the society consists of Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaisya and Shudra is a manifestation of cosmic law itself. The violation of this division is also the violation of sacred cosmic law. This order is maintained by the concept of purity which means each parts of cosmic body does not mix one each other. Each part has its function. When this part mix one each other they will pollute particular part but the whole body. The impurity from pollution will disrupted the order as a whole. The function of purity and impurity work as biological mechanism within organism. These phenomena highlight the relation between biological realm and religious concepts. The religious concept purity and impurity within social division based of caste in Hinduism were originated from biological mechanism.