CHILD MARRIAGE AND SHORT-TIME MARRIAGE AMONG COFFE FARMERS IN EMPAT LAWANG REGENCY: A SUTDY OF UTILITARIANISM
Generally, every human being has a tendency to get married and have a family, so discussing general questions may not be very interesting. The situation will immediately change when we talk about marriage in Empat Lawang Regency, South Sumatra Province. Here, we will find a very clear intersection between marriage and the profession of the majority of the population here as coffee farmers. During the harvest season, the reality of married activities in Empat Lawang is colored by the practice of child marriage and short-term marriage. Perhaps this kind of practice will 'harvest' criticism if viewed from various perspectives, this phenomenon continues and becomes a social reality for the people of Empat Lawang Regency. According to their values, especially for farmers, it is okay to marry minors. Meantime, for farmers who are reluctant to bring their wives and children to the garden, looking for a temporary partner is considered unforgivable because someone has to take over the kitchen and biological business during the harvest season. If fighting over the pros and cons, good and bad, as well as the values and rules that apply, then we need a jury to decide the case. So this is entering the realm of ethics, especially applied ethics. So this paper will discuss this reality from the perspective of utilitarianism, particulary through the thoughts of John Stuart Mill.