Dinamika Persebaran CRPD Sebagai Norma HAM Disabilitas di Indonesia

  • Ramdan Lamato Universitas Indonesia
Keywords: CRPD, disabilty human right norm, norm socialization, norma HAM disabilitas, sosialisasi norma

Abstract

Disability has become one of the issues integrated as global human rights instruments in form of the CRPD. Previous studies have highlighted the role of non-state actors in diffusion process of disability norms towards the states. By applying literature study and Risse & Ropp’s (2013) concept of international human rights norm socialization, this article intends to elaborate the dynamics of diffusion of CRPD in Indonesia by focusing on the phases of norm socialization. The author contends that the diffusion process of the convention has somewhat stagnated; therefore, it considers that Indonesia is yet to fully comply with the norms within. The author finds that factors contributing to the stagnate progress are lack of public awareness on disability issue; conflicting regulations; inoptimal implementation and enforcement; amd lack of availability of integrated, accurate, and reliable data on disability.

Isu disabilitas merupakan salah satu isu HAM global yang sudah diakomodasi dalam konvensi CRPD. Studi terdahulu telah menjabarkan peran aktor non-negara dalam proses persebaran norma disabilitas dalam negara. Dengan menggunakan metode studi pustaka dan teori Risse & Ropp (2013) mengenai sosialisasi norma HAM internasional, artikel ini menggarisbawahi dinamika persebaran konvensi ini di Indonesia dan memfokuskan pembahasan pada fase-fase sosialisasi norma. Penulis berargumen bahwa bahwa proses persebaran CRPD sebagai norma HAM disabilitas di Indonesia telah berkembang namun mengalami stagnasi sehingga belum dapat dikatakan berkomitmen terhadap konvensi. Penulis menyimpulkan bahwa faktor-faktor yang menyebabkan stagnasi tersebut antara lain lemahnya tingkat kesadaran publik terhadap isu disabilitas; rendahnya peraturan-peraturan yang tumpang tindih; lemahnya praktik implementasi dan penegakan hukum; serta kurangnya ketersediaan data mengenai disabilitas yang terintegrasi, akurat dan reliabel.

 

CRPD, disability human right norm, norm socialization, norma HAM disabilitas, sosialisasi norma

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Published
2020-07-13
How to Cite
Ramdan Lamato. (2020). Dinamika Persebaran CRPD Sebagai Norma HAM Disabilitas di Indonesia. The Indonesian Conference on Disability Studies and Inclusive Education, 1, 141-168. Retrieved from http://conference.uin-suka.ac.id/index.php/icodie/article/view/18